Argumentative essay is a paper, written on a controversial theme. This essay protects a certain thesis, about which it is possible to bring rationales “for” and “against.”
What Are the Goals of This Work?
It has the following purposes. The first goal is to convince the audience of a certain point of view and to persuade it that the position of the author is correct (much attention should be paid to the opposite position). The second goal is to clearly formulate why this position is preferable, and not the other one. The author, during the writing of the essay, conducts a kind of internal dialogue (evaluating statements, proofs and support, assumptions, hidden arguments and internal contradictions) and comes to the fact that one point of view becomes preferable than others, while the rest of the people can disagree with it from the beginning. Persuasive essays address various themes. The main thing is that there are at least two reasonable points of view on this theme that should contain opposing arguments.
Persuasive Essay Structure
The initial part is an introduction. It is reasonable to answer the following questions when writing an introduction.
- Why is the theme that I am revealing important at the moment?
- What concepts will be involved in my reasoning on the theme?
- Is it necessary to give definitions to the terms sounded in the essay theme?
- Can I divide the theme into several smaller sub-themes?
Body paragraphs should include strong persuasion using all the data collected on an issue with the following of a clear structure. The main rationale can be divided into several statements proving the position of the author. Every sub-argument should be stated in a separate paragraph, so the combination of these sub-arguments and their evidence base of the whole essay. This part is the theoretical foundations of the chosen formidable task and the assertion of the main question. As an analytical tool, it is allowed to use graphs, charts, and tables.
The last part is the conclusion. It includes generalization and reasoned conclusions on the theme, indicating the scope of its application, which summarizes the essay, or once again makes explanations, reinforces the meaning and significance of what is stated in the main part. Methods recommended when writing a conclusion are repetition, illustration, quotation, impressive assertion. The conclusion can contain such a very important, complementary essay element, as an indication of the application of the study, without excluding the relationship with other formidable tasks.
The last part should include references. It specifies the sources used in the research that should be credible, relevant and up-to-dated. As a rule, professors require using articles from scientific journals and books. The best way to find them is to go to the online library of your university.
What Evidences Should Be Used?
The evidence is a combination of logical methods of justifying the sooth of any proposition with the help of other true and related judgments. It is connected with persuasion, but not identical with it. Argumentation or evidence should be based on the data of science and social and historical practice but beliefs can be based on prejudices, people’s ignorance in matters of economics and politics, the appearance of evidence, therefore, evidence or rationale is a reasoning using facts, true judgments, scientific evidence and it should convict of the sooth of the matter.
The structure of any evidence includes three components. There is the thesis, arguments, and conclusions or value judgments. The thesis is the position (judgment) that one wants to prove, and rationales are categories used to prove the sooth of a thesis. The conclusion is an opinion based on an analysis of facts. Evaluation judgments are opinions based on our beliefs or views. Arguments are usually divided into the following groups:
- Certified facts are factual material (or statistics). Facts are a breeding ground for identifying trends and, on their basis, laws in various fields of attainments, so a student should illustrate the validity of laws based on factual data.
- Definitions in the process of argumentation are used as a description of the concepts associated with the thesis.
- The laws of science and previously proven theorems can also be used as rationales of the evidence.
In order to arrange theses and arguments in a logical sequence, it is necessary to know the ways of their interconnection. This connection involves the interaction of the thesis and the rationale and can be direct, indirect and separate. A direct proof is a proof in which the truth of the thesis is directly substantiated by the argument. For example, we do not have to go to class because it is Sunday today. The method of direct proof can be applied using the technique of induction, deduction, analogy, and cause-effect relations.