Angel during their terms, Senators and Representatives would

Angel Nanov

Professor Lightfoot

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POS 2041 (Class# 2243)

28 January 2018

1.    
There
are many things I was not aware of in the constitution, mainly because I had
never read it in its entirety. When reading through the constitution, the first
interesting fact that caught my attention was in Article I Section 6.  This section stated that during their terms,
Senators and Representatives would be paid through the Treasury of the United
States, however, this is not what I found interesting. The part I found
interesting was that during their turn they are “privileged from arrest” during
their attendance at a session or on their way to and from a session (The
Constitution). There is however a stipulation that comes with this privilege,
being that if they commit treason, commit a felony, or “breach the peach” that
is revoked and they can be arrested (The Constitution). The following section
also caught my attention, it discusses bills for raising revenue as well as the
procedure of how the bill is passed. A bill originated from the house of
representatives and if passed goes to the senate and then to the president who
can either approve it or veto it, then it can be revised or overruled by a
two-thirds senate majority vote. Within these procedures what interested me is
that the president, upon receiving the bill, has 10 days, excluding Sundays to
make his decision on the bill, however if he does not within 10 days, then the
bill passes (The Constitution). On the other hand, if the bills return is
prevented by congress then the bill is not enacted. The third and final piece
of the constitution I found interesting is the requirements to be convicted of
treason, stated in Article III Section 3. Treason is defined as waging war
against a person’s country and is in turn punishable by death if found
convicted. To be convicted however, there must be two eye witness testimonies
on record, or an open confession in court to be found guilty (The Constitution).

2.     William
Paterson (Patterson) was one of nine other Williams there, however Paterson
played a large role in the creation of the constitution.  William Paterson and his family immigrated to
America when he was 2 years old with his father working as a tin ware merchant
and eventually a manufacturer of tin goods. With the success his father had in
his career, William was able to attend private schools and eventually study law
under Richard Stockton. William was part of the provincial congress (1775-76),
the constitutional convention (1776), legislative council (1776-77), and
council of safety (1777), before becoming attorney general of New Jersey until
1783 when he moved to New Brunswick where he put all his time into law (The
Founding). Paterson was then selected to represent New Jersey in the
Constitutional Convention of 1787, and was a prominent advocate for the rights
of smaller states against the larger ones as he coauthored the New Jersey
(Paterson) Plan for the Constitution (The Founding). Then William Paterson only
returned to sign the constitution, and was elected 2 years later to the U.S.
Senate after helping ratify it in New Jersey. In his short one-year term from
1789 through 1790, Paterson helped pass the Judiciary Act of 1789 before moving
on to being governor of New Jersey for the next three years. While governor,
Paterson began to work on what would later be called the Laws of the State of
New Jersey (1800). Additionally, Paterson served as associate supreme court
justice between 1793 and 1806 when he passed away due to his diminishing health
at age 60 (The Founding).

 

Works
Cited

“The Constitution of the United States: A
Transcription.” National Archives and Records Administration,
National Archives and Records Administration, www.archives.gov/founding-docs/constitution-transcript.

“The Founding Fathers: New Jersey.” National Archives and Records Administration, National Archives and Records Administration,
www.archives.gov/founding-docs/founding-fathers-new-jersey#paterson.