An In William Gibson’s Neuromancer, the character

An
identity harnesses a perceptual lens and allows one to have a specific
perspective on how they view themselves and the world. Each of us are
different, and this allows for no two people to have the exact same
perceptual lens. Everyone views the world in a different light than
others.
In William Gibson’s Neuromancer, the character Molly has cybernetic
augmentations. She has surgically inset mirrorshades which seal her eye
sockets, “ten double-edged, four-centimeter scalpel blades in housings
beneath her burgundy nails” (Gibson 25), and a jacked-up nervous system
for “the reflexes to go with the gear” (Gibson, 147). She also carries
“a fair amount of silicon in her head” (Gibson 34). These surgical
enhancements allow Molly to serve somewhat as more than human and behave
in a less feminine way. Molly displays the characteristics of being
fast and stronger than most of the males in Neuromancer. Molly
also does not have a nurturing nature about her; she comes off as very
cold and selfish: “what I always think about first, Case, is my own
sweet ass” (Gibson 30). With this in mind, Molly might have the
perceptual lens of looking at the world in a way that lacks emotions and
view things in a more masculine way. However, with Case his perceptual
lens will differ.
            In Neuromancer, we see how Case finds his identity through cyberspace and
seemingly has a strong desire to transcend from his body. This
intrinsic desire is rooted in a yearning to escape what he deems to be
a flesh prison (Gibson 6).
It is very clear that Case is uncomfortable with his self after loosing
his identity because his identity was heavily rooted in cyberspace.  This
gives strong insight into how he might view the world and his self. He
views himself as useless after losing his identity. At the beginning of
the novel, when Case no longer has the ability to “jack in” he begins to
question his very identity and self- worth, stating that even after a
year being offline he still struggles: “A
year here and he still dreamed of cyberspace, hope fading nightly. All
the speed he took, all the turns he’d taken. . .and still he’d see the
matrix in his sleep . . . he was no console man, no cyberspace cowboy.
Just another hustler, trying to make it through. But the dreams came on.
. . and he’d cry for it . . . and wake alone in the dark, curled in his
capsule … trying to reach the console that wasn’t there.” (Gibson 6). It
is almost as if he lost himself once he lost his identity. After losing
himself, he gained this intense motivation to transcend the body. The
desire behind that motivation is his desire to want to escape reality
because he truly feels useless. At
this point, it is evident that everything that he does is done in an
effort to escape reality. Case’s perceptual lens is clouded with
depression.  It as if he views everything with a tint of gray.
           
Gradually as the novel progresses we see how Case begins to accept his
body more, and his intrinsic desire to transcend as a means of escape is
minimized. Eventually Case starts to feel that his body is becoming a
place of security and belonging. Case begins to see his body as
something familiar. Toward the end of the novel, there is an instance
when Case blacks out and wakes in “his own darkness, pulse and blood,
the one where he’d always slept, being his eyes and no other’s” (Gibson
290).  By the end of the novel Case throws a shuriken at the screen on his wall, stating “I don’t need you” (Gibson 297). His
acceptance of his body allows him to leave behind cyberspace and a
desire to transcend as a means of escape. At this point, his perceptual
lens has changed and he now views everything in a more positive manner.