Although Ghana, on the other hand, has some

Although there are
principles and laws in place to forbid child work, they are not compulsory in
the agricultural, fishing, manufacturing, mining, and, domestic sectors
henceforth it needs to stop for all, as these influences the lives of numerous
children. There countries who are still employing young children and haven’t
convicted (Moehling, 1999). Though, policies and legislation set to eradicate
child work in the globe, there are countries such as Asia, Africa and West
American who still employ children to work instead of offering them an
education. Due to the improper education system in the rural areas as well as
needy families with low income which has led to an estimated number of 151.6
million children aged five to seventeen in child labour. These children engage
in rough employment and low pay salaries which is dangerous to them (Rea, 2008;
Mazhuvanchery, 2017; ILO, 2013; Lleras?Muney, 2002). Though, these evaluations
don’t include household responsibilities for girls who usually do most of the
house chores were not incorporated into the description of child labour (UNICEF
Study, 2011). According to International Labour Organization (ILO), eradicating
children from working at a very young age can offer them a genuine education
and boost the income of the world by four trillion. The reason is that it will
provide the adult with the chance to get work with decent pay to increase the
economy (Mazhuvanchery, 2017).

Likewise, the agreement
of India constitution of compulsory free education for children age four to
fourteen and prohibiting children from working; there is still rampant child
labour in the informal sectors of the country economy (Roy, 2011). Ghana, on
the other hand, has some higher percentages of children aged 5-17 years involved
in working in which boys are the greater rate than girls. The Rural savannah
had the highest rate of children in child labour, between the ages, 12-14 years
were more likely to be engaged in child work. However, there is a higher
percentage of boys than girls participating in economic occupation (Uebelhoer,
2008). Similarly, there one-third of children from developing countries falling
to complete four years of their formal education (Barrett, 2017). The causes of
children workers have made it a difficult to implement the UNCRC in all the
countries with the same emphasis. Child work may be helpful to some of its
victims, but on the other hand, it removes young children from their childhood
and abilities (Basu, 2003).

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In 2008, a study
conducted by UNICEF which has an estimated 215 million girls and boys involving
in child labour and which has interfered with academic and their overall
development (Mazhuvanchery, 2017). Furthermore, child labour has significances influence
on children physiological and their mental health. Lack of financial is one of
the components of child work according to UK committee for UNICEF as these
children supposed to earn from an early age to assists themselves and their
families. Likewise, these children are forced to steal or indulge in
prostitution due to excess population and poverty. Despite this, these children
who are involved in working are often used by an adult for sex, set off into
early marriages with no experiences as well as sexual images while these will
damage children future. The above description will put children at higher risk
of sexually transmitted disease, malnutrition, and physical abuse and it turns
to affects children intellectual abilities and less ability for reasoning (Ali
Norozi and Moen, 2016; ILO,2013; Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). Therefore,
eradicating child labour will help children to share a typical course of
physical changes and development.

On the order hand,
children who involve themselves in the robbery, hijacking cars, stolen goods,
and shoplifting or forced to take part in criminal activities can leave a child
without a childhood. Behaviour like this will put children in a state of panic,
anxiety, and depression instead of spending time playing with friends and
families. Therefore, they always feel powerless and never feel safe (Basu,
1999). The reason is that all these types of work interfere with children
education as most children have neither time nor the energy to attend school.
For instance, these children may have to bend over in one place or crawl in
small areas which can generate disfigurement, spinal injuries and difficulty to
walk straight (ILO, 2013; Hobbs, McKechnie and Lavalette, 1999).

More so, the efforts
intended to strengthen child protection on societal norms there is still
societal practice that harms children with the belief that females are well off
working at home, which subsequently refuses them their right on education just
because they are females. Focusing on this norm can positively impact female’s
education and aid end their right to education (UNICEF Study, 2011). Overall,
understanding the effects that influence child work education attendance,
performance or achievement depends on significant of what children would
accomplish if they were not employed, and this is a primary challenge for this


Child labour has become
issues in many areas of the world. Several children in emerging countries have
been engaged to work for their families to live on; all the same, this is the
part the government needs to assist these families and their children. The
government should enforce laws and establish plans that would prevent these
children from being pushed to work. However, generating education more
appealing can be used as a policy implement to reduce child work and might work
best when combined with provisional money allocations programs for families
that send children to school, for instance, uniform, food for education in
Third World countries. In this manner, providing policies that obtain to reduce
the costs of education while increasing quality of education. Also initiating
policies that preserve children from working in one type of job might push them
into worse forms of child work. Global supporters have been active in
supporting similar affirmative programmes that recognise the link of poverty
and child work hence these plans appear promising; it is vital to raise
awareness in schools about the effect of child work. In agreement with
international standards, legislation on child work should go together with
policy interventions that offer alternatives in the form of education and
vocational training, along with societal protection procedures that benefit
children and their families.






Social construction
suggests various ideas from which children can be regarded. These ideas are
attached to cultural meaning which the regards of the impacts on social,
political and economic conditions on children lives as well as the creative
ways in which children engage in social interaction and the effects of
prevailing patterns of child-adult relationships

Child work has the
significant impact on children, erecting awareness about the dangerous
implications of child work can help challenge the beliefs of tradition.
Regulations denying child work are also vital to promote societal change.
Giving clear consequences in legislation denouncing child work and other child
rights can contribute to positive changes in social standards and public
mind-sets, challenging discriminatory ideas based on gender, societal and
status. The above are crucial aspects of keeping children safe from abuse and
child work. Banning working children into school will insist on more flexible
and approachable education structures, with better-quality learning
atmospheres. Therefore, free education should be accessible to all and
institutions must be reliable, inclusive, and stipulate child-friendly
environment for learning. Similarly, several changes need to improve the labour
detection of illegal child work in agricultural, fishing and mining to enhance
the protection of these children’s health, safety, and educational
opportunities. This kind of changes will assist labour market and policymakers
to get the better understanding of protecting the rights of every child as
stated by UNCRC.

Moreover, the
understanding of the social construction of childhood provides a useful
framework to articulate some of the issues concerning social work when working
with families and their children. Although, empowering children does not mean
that they can do anything they want without considering their competence but rather
a means of involving them in decision and matters that impact on their lives.
According to Lynch and Browne (1999) argued that the commitment of respecting
children’s privilege does not mean abandoning their welfare.