A of ??complementarity between the colony and the

A colony is a territory that is under
the domination of another country (called the metropolis) and which depends
entirely on it at the political, economic and cultural levels. The African
continent is a perfect example of the extent of colonization: the main European
countries share it at the Berlin Congress of 1885 and in 1914, Africa finds
itself divided, “shared” between 7 European nations. Since
1870, the great world powers have begun a new colonial expansion known as
imperialism. This colonialism is based on the conquest and systematic economic
exploitation of a greater number of territories in Africa, Asia and the
Pacific. The phenomenon concerns most of the states of Western Europe (France,
England, Portugal, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy), but also the
United States and Japan. The expansion was very rapid because of the military
superiority of the colonizers.     Imperialism
is explained through various calculations: political and strategic, economic
and ideological. On the political level, colonization is a prestigious
operation. Indeed, Europeans consider that the more a nation has colonial
territories, the more important it is. Added to this are strategic reasons,
such as the control of the commercial route and the protection of territories
to prevent their occupation by rival countries. During the imperial period, the
largest colonial empire was the English Empire, followed by the French Empire.
For the British, colonization also had a military stake: the possession of a
series of islands spread over the globe allowed them to control the seas. On
the economic front, the increase in production and international industrial
competition created the need to look for low-cost raw materials for industry
and new markets, with no tariff barriers. There is an idea of ??complementarity
between the colony and the metropolis, Europe being the manufacturing continent
and the colonies the place of production of raw materials. The goal is to
create a dependency of colonized territories in relation to the metropolis.
Finally, on an ideological level, the Imperialists manipulate
Darwin’s ideas about the theory of evolution and use them to proclaim
the superiority of the “white race” and its mission to “civilize”
the rest of the world, ” late in his eyes. Representatives of the
imperialist power open schools and dispensaries, evangelize indigenous peoples
and also work to spread their language and religion. On the other hand, the
actors of these ideological currents do not always understand
that they destroy other civilizations to replace them by theirs.       The
ideological causes that give life to imperialism explain the evolution,
influenced by this colonial expansion, of the cultural traits of the original
population. Indeed, historians and geographers highlight this phenomenon: some
countries, former colonies, present mainly the cultural characteristics of
other states, ex-colonial powers. For example, Australia today has cultural
traits close to the European “model”, while Aboriginal people, who
have been around for more than 100,000 years and are proud of a rich cultural
heritage, are dying out in media silence. Indeed, the British empire colonized
Australia in the 18th century and implanted the ideological current of the
United Kingdom. Consequently, Australia has evolved, culturally, in a
completely different way, which seriously threatens the survival of the
aboriginal culture. The United States, because of its colonial past, are the
sad witnesses of the genocide of the Amerindians. This people, rich in more
than 40 million human beings, died under the colonial yoke. The various actors
of this colonization have lost all sense of humanism by massacring the members
of this community with unequal weapons, sometimes with manipulation. The evolution of the
cultural traits of a population is not always explained by the arbitrary
decision of the colonial powers to impose its cultural heritage on the
population of the “dominated” territory. Indeed, cultural traits are
sometimes explained by demographic movements due to an imperialist colonial
expansion movement. For example, in certain historical facts, the populations
of the colonial powers migrated, in number, to the colonized territory in
search, as in the example of the United States, of an Eldorado for the
Europeans. Other examples present the flight of certain peoples against a
violent imperialist colonial power and total satisfaction. This is the case of
the Jews of the Russian Empire who emigrated to the United States to escape the
“pogroms” or, more recently, Christians of the East and the victims
of these regrettable conflicts that still affect the Middle East.      Finally the
history of Humanity carries with it different episodes. Among them, colonization
is distinguished, on the one hand by its past animated by the selfishness of
some and the satisfaction of others and, on the other hand, by its impact on
the cultural evolution of the populations subjected to the imperial powers.
Imperialism is a regrettable principle, justified by various nonsense and by
the need of certain countries like the United Kingdom to appease populations
and use the colonized territories for the benefit of the imperialist power.
Imperialism is at the origin of many horrors and sufferings known by humanity
but also the explanation of certain cultural traits such as language, writing,
music, cooking, religion. All these elements who, once united, draw a culture,
are, in fact, influenced by their historical past. There is this quote which
says that it is in the darkest hours, in what Humanity has experienced worse,
that the most beautiful things that this same Humanity can achieve are born.
Thus, through the meeting of French culture, through classical music and the
idea of ??Carnival, African culture through the
period of slavery that gave birth to this poetry that is the Blues, the musical
education of certain “privileged” slaves and American culture through
the instruments of military marches, in New Orleans, Jazz was born.

In view of these
different historical and geographical elements, “would globalization
follow the same principles as imperialism? And “does the fact that history
is written by the victors do not, in the end, condemn the humanistic principles
of perfect equality? “

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