A hazard can be thought of as a potential risk that endangers human life or health, property, and even the environment. For purposes of this question, I am going to talk about Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia-a desert country and the center of Muslim religion faces several hazards. While some hazards are natural, others are human-caused or even occur due to technological malfunctioning.-Terrorist attacks “human caused”Until recently Saudi Arabia was a very peaceful country with foreigners and locals co-existing. However, with increased modernization and trade interactions, more and more foreigners found their way to Saudi Arabia. Some extremists felt threatened by the foreigners’ increasing influence and as such took up arms to fight these foreigners, and especially from the west, and their Arabian collaborators. This has led to rise in terrorist attacks and today terrorism ranks high in human hazards in Saudi Arabia. Terrorism activities in Saudi Arabia such as bombings have resulted in a loss of human life and property (Al-Ghamdi, et al., 2012).-Ramadhan and Hajji “human caused”Ramadhan and Hajji are important events in the Muslim faith calendar. During these events, Muslims from all over the world flock Saudi Arabia for religious pilgrimage. It is estimated that over 2 million people attend these events in the city of Makkah and Medina. Due to high number of people, exposure to extreme temperatures and fasting many people get fatigue, collapse and may die. Overcrowding also leads to exhaustion, a risk of trampling, a spread of infectious diseases and other health implications. -Floods “Natural”Floods are a major natural Hazard in Saudi Arabia that leads to a destruction of property and human life. It is ironical that the country rarely receives rainfall but when it does it wreaks Havoc in its wake. This is because, since not much rainfall is expected the country has poorly developed drainage systems. Some cities in Saudi Arabia such as Jiddah are in lowlands and surrounded by mountains. This complicates the flooding risk (Leroy, 2013).-Volcanic eruption “Natural”Saudi Arabia faces the hazard of volcanic eruption because it still has active volcanoes. These eruptions can lead to a destruction of the environment, life, and property.-Dust storms “Natural”Being a desert, dust storms are frequent occurrencess in the country. These dust storms affect days to day life of the people and can last up to a few days depending on their intensity (Leroy, 2013). Dust storms reduce visibility leading to increased risk of road accidents. The suspended particles in the dust can have the adverse effect on people health especially those suffering from airborne diseases such as asthma. Question 2 Hazard identification should be the first step towards effectively managing hazards in a certain community. With identification, hazard managers understand what each hazard entails and therefore are able to come up with the best mitigation strategies. However, I would like to highlight the fact that hazards may change with time and as such, there is need for managers to review them at regular intervals so that they can keep up with their management strategies (coppola, 2015). This strategy is reasonable because managers do not have to manage blindly. It allows them to rank hazards in terms of their severity and likelihood of occurring. This increases efficiency because they deploy resources according to the urgency of the hazard. The strategy as well infuses effectiveness because coordination in hazard management is improved.