“A 23 explains his 3rd reason as to

“A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift, is a satirical essay about the economic issues in Ireland’s poverty filled streets. Along with discussing these issues, he provides his own suggestion on how to move these problems, hence the title “A Modest Proposal”. In paragraphs 21-26, Jonathan Swift presents the advantages of his proposals which are rather radical as his idea is to plump up the poverty-stricken children of Ireland and sell them as food to people of increased wealth. Upon introducing this, Swift is able to persuade his readers in actually considering his proposal and it helps him successfully achieve his intentions of satire by using rhetorical appeals such as logos and pathos along with his diction and the use of irony. Swift’s use of logos in paragraphs 21-26 give the speaker a logical and reasonable tone that embeds support in his point for his reader. Swift in paragraph 23 explains his 3rd reason as to why his proposal could be such an advantage, ” Whereas the maintenance of 100,000 children from two years old and upward, cannot be computed at less than 10s. A-piece per annum, the nation’s stock will be thereby increased 50,000 per annum, besides the profit of a new dish introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom who have any refinement in taste, And the money will circulate among ourselves, the good being entire of our own growth and manufacture.” (408)The use of logos provides a sense of rationale to his outrageous idea of cooking children in order to try and subside the economic strife in Ireland. His use of logos would benefit him in being able to prove the “efficiency” of his proposal and have the reader actually consider it as a valuable option. Also, informing the reader of the statistics of children in Ireland can make them try and create their own new ideas to oppose Swift’s idea which shifts the focus of the radical aspect of his proposal. Although Swift provides this logical appeal, once viewed more closely, what he is rationally speaking of is also what he is satirizing. He is expressing that the social issues in Ireland if saved in an overly rational way, can then lead others to make immoral decisions. Swift’s use of pathos emotionally charges the reader to sympathize to contemplate his proposal even more. When listing his reasons, he speaks of the people that will be affected in paragraph 22, ” The poor tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to distress and help to pay their landlord’s rent, their corn and cattle being already seized, and money a thing unknown”(408). Swift brings his “compassion” towards these “poor tenants” by describing their situations and showing how his proposal may solve it. It has the reader think of his reasoning almost as an act of kindness which snuffs the focus away from the immoral side of it. Also, in paragraph 26 Swift brings up the reason that his proposal would, “Increase the care and tenderness of mothers toward their children, when they were sure of a settlement for life the poor babes, provided in some sort by the public, to their annual profit instead of expense”(408). The almost universal connection between mother and child is used as an emotion tether for the reader. The product of kind and affectionate feelings is used as a humanizing front for the reader. It is almost as Swift’s idea is a piece of lead and he uses his appeal to the reader’s emotions as gold to cover up all the darkness of that lead, in turn, making it seem more acceptable. Swift’s diction and irony go hand in hand in bringing together the satirical motives. He Being his reasoning with “I think the advantages by the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well of the highest importance” (408). This statement is ironic because in fact his proposal is not really important and his shocking idea of eating children would never really be obvious to anyone. Swift also uses diction such as “breeders” or “cows” to refer to parents and comparing the poor children to “cattle” in order to dehumanize them and make his proposal seem less cruel than it actually is. He is not only diminishing them but the people that will accept and eat these children. What is ironic as well about this is that his proposal seemingly motivated to fix the “beggars” in need of more suitable conditions will be giving all this “food” to the upper class, not the hungry poverty-stricken parents or children in Ireland. Although at the time, these attempts to over exaggerate the situation went unnoticed and he was taken literally, it was still a good satirical piece.