1.New growth. Now days agriculture keeps booming the

1.New challenges focusing food are growing rapidly all over the
world now days. Fast solution is calling across the world concerning food
production due to the unprecedentedly increasing world population. The
relationship show that a high correlation between rapid
world population growth and food demand.

Table 1 World
Population Data Sheet, 2017, 2030 and 2050 (Millions)

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Regions

Population

2017

2030

2050

Africa

1250

1760

2574

America

1005

1116

1227

Asia

4494

4938

5245

Europe

745

751

736

Oceania

42

51

63

Source: Population Reference Bureau (2017)

 

World population data sheet 2017 projects that world population
was estimated 7.5 billions. Projections for the next 35 years expect an increased
of 131%, world population will peak to 9.8 billion by  2050 (Special & On, 2017)    

Table 2 Most Populous
Countries, 2017 and 2050 (Millions)

2017

China
1,387

India
1,353

United States
325

Indonesia
264

Brazil
208

Pakistan
199

Nigeria
191

Bangladesh
165

2050

India
1,676

China
1,343

Nigeria
411

United States
397

Indonesia
322

Pakistan
311

Brazil
231

Congo,
Dem.Rep
216

Source: Population Reference Bureau (2017)

 

 

 

In 21st century, agriculture play an important role in
providing food to feed the world population growth. Now days agriculture keeps
booming the market demand for producing quality food which can affect our
health and environment (Kumar, Chauhan, Gopal, & Kumar, 2015). A major challenge faced by
agriculture due to demand for food which expected to exponential by 2050.
Subsequently, food demand will grow by more than world population.