1. Introduction to the company
Tesco store was founded in year 1929 by Sir John Edward Cohen (1898-1979) also know as Sir Jack Cohen (Clark, 2014; Chan, 2014)
1.1 Before there was Tesco
In the year 1919, Jack Cohen selling surplus groceries from a stall in East of London. At the time he left the Royal Flying Corp at the end of the Great War and used his money to buy the first day’s stock. At the end of the first day stock he made a profit of £1 on sales of £4.
In the year 1924, the first own-brand product was sold by Jack was Tesco Tea, the name comes from the initials of TE Stockwell, who was a partner in the firm of tea suppliers, and CO from Jack’s surname. (Tesco PLC, 2017)
1.2 The First Store Opens
In the year 1929, the first Tesco store opened in Burnt Oak, Edgware, north London. The store sold dry goods and Tesco Tea. (Tesco PLC, 2017)
1.3 The Rise of Tesco Throughout The Years
In the years 1950-1960, Tesco was expanding quickly, they had over 500 stores and opened there first supermarket. They started selling household items and clothing across all the UK. And in the year 1982, they introduced computerized checkouts to their stores. And in the year 1995, they opened 26 stores in the north-west of Hungary. This was their first international business. And in 1996, they entered the Czech Republic through the acquisition of K-Mart stores. A year after they opened stores in Poland and Ireland. And in 1998, they started opening stores in Asia, first chain of stores was opened in Thailand, and they partnered with Samsung and opened stores in South Korea. By 2002 they opened their first store in Malaysia. (Tesco PLC, 2017)
2. Introducing the System
The self-checkout system (also known as self-service checkout) Is a device that is programmed for customers to process their own purchases from the store.
2.1 First Introduced
The first supermarket self-checkout system was installed in 1992 in the Price Chopper Supermarket in New York by inventor of self-checkout Dr. Howard Schneider. In 1997, NCR prototyped their first self-checkout machines. By 2003, these automated checkouts had become widespread, with most being supplied by NCR, Fujitsu/ICL and IBM. (Pbworks, 2010)