1. Explain what Zewei’s article from the week 4 reading was all about. Be sure to identify the thesis and conclusions.Yang Zewei’s article “Western International Law and China’s Confucianism in the Nineteenth Century and Integration”, was about the incorporation of China’s Celestial Empire and the cutting edge international law from the western states amid the nineteenth century. Zewei plots the trip and endeavors that China needed to experience before they could value present-day international relations and international law in four segments; The Chinese Confucian world request, mix between China’s customary Confucian and current international law, the combination between the two and aftereffects of the two being mixed together. Amid the nineteenth century, China’s Celestial Empire took after the Tributary System and Confucian view. The Celestial Empire concentrated on preventing war and brutality from emitting. The Chinese didn’t feel that international law connected to them; they trusted it just connected to the Western states or Christians (Zewei, Y. 2011). The Qing Empire announced that anybody who acknowledged the international law was in certainty a deceiver. On account of the issues with the Western States-China went to war five times inside a sixty-year time traverse. Each time China went to war they were vanquished and they were compelled to sign bargains that were uncalled for. The settlements laid the basis for the Unequal Treaty Regime in China and the Self Strengthening Movement. This prompted the lessening of the Confucianism and accelerated the procedure of modernization in China (Zewei, Y. 2011).2. What are the main ideas in Steinberg’s article?In “The Politics of NGOs, Human Rights, and the Arab-Israel Conflict”, Steinberg talks about how NGO’s have great and awful attributes and have likewise turned into a noteworthy political gathering. NGO’s can be sorted as delicate or hard power. At the point when the associations concentrate primarily on human rights and international laws is delicate power and hard power is centered more around security, weapons, military insight or innovation, and monetary components (Steinberg, G., 2011). Like everything, there are upsides and downsides of the NGO’s. On the off chance that NGO’s need help with states they can look for assistance from international partners who are intense. These partners can help them with issues, for example, general rights if individuals, natural issues and additionally philanthropic help. With some man associations, NGO’s have moved toward becoming specialists in international law, human right, and military basics. Despite the fact that they have progressed toward becoming specialists, some NGO’s are looked with responsibility issues which is one of the cons related to NGO’s. NGO’s are kept running off of gifts and they are not required to state what the cash is utilized for. A considerable measure of them has been uncovered for extortion and in addition moral ruptures. NGO’s in Israel where looked at these extremely issues. Steinberg gives a case of how Arab-Israel utilized to control in the commercial center.3. Based on Cragg, Arnold, and Muchlinski article from week 6, when did “business and human rights” become an international topic? What explains the delay?Business and human rights in international foundations dialogs started in the 1980s which were in the draft of the United Nations Code of Conduct Transnational Corporation. The consideration it picked up in the 1990’s was far reaching because of globalization and the questions of proficiency of duty brought up issues about the capacity and ability to satisfy the duties of human rights by the national governments. The duties amongst open and private segment for human rights happened in 1998; Legislation endeavored to expand liabilities of human rights in different nations and states with private part charges. This made numerous organizations be ensured internationally. References:Zewei, Yang. 2011. “Western International Law and China’s Confucianism in the 19th Century. Collision and Integration.” Journal of the History of International Law 13: 285–306.Steinberg, Gerald. 2011. “The Politics of NGOs, Human Rights, and the Arab-Israel Conflict.” Israel Studies 16 (2): 24–54. Cragg, Wesley, Denis Arnold, and Peter Muchlinski. 2012. “Human Rights and Business.” Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (1) (January): 1–7.