1. the image. 2. A. The Progressive movement

Americans did not want to consider themselves as belligerent forces that solely
sought to eat up land and resources. This greedy view of expansion would put
America in a bad light. Through America’s western expansion elucidations and
excuses were used to justify numerous acts. For instance, the Mexican-American
War in the 1840s, which started with America’s yearning to acquire Texas and additional
territory, however they used a border dispute to move into Mexican territory. This
finished with the forced “sale” of California and additional
territories to the United States.

B. The cartoon relates to the strong custom
of America’s territorial expansion by referencing a found father, Thomas
Jefferson, as too the father of expansion. This was in reference to the Louisiana
Purchase and Lewis and Clark explorations. The imagery of the rising and magnificent
background displays all has turned out well because of America’s expansion

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C. Theodore Roosevelt saw the
Spanish-American War of 1898 as the “Splendid Little War.” It permitted
the US to expand outside the continent of North America. It was justified, by a
supposed attack on the USS Maine by Spain, which reflects the notions in the
passage. It was also viewed as a liberation of the Cuban citizens, which brought
benefits to Americans as suggested in the image.  


 A. The Progressive movement viewed government
as a means by which power could be used to offset negative forces in the United
States. Regarding the excerpt, this meant using the federal government to set
aside land and keep it away from corporations. 

B. Throughout his role as president,
Theodore Roosevelt set aside millions of acres of land. One of which was Carter
Lake National Park in Oregon in 1902, which was under threat from mining
companies. Roosevelt stated that the destruction of natural beauty was

C. An additional act created by the
Progressive movement was the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1904. This was inspired
by Upton SInclair’s “The Jungle”, which cast a very poor light on American food
production. Entrusting companies to self-regulate was not successful; this led
to many regulations checking unhygienic food manufacturing practices.


Unrestricted submarine warfare led to a many ships that were not war ships sinking
which had Americans on them.  

B. An example of unrestricted
submarine warfare is the Falaba and Sussex. The biggest instance would be the
sinking of the Lusitania, which was a lavish ship where 128 American’s died. Germany
began restricting these attacks in 1916 by revoking what was known as the Sussex
Pledge in January 1917. This was a key factor in America declaring war a few months

C. The Preparedness Movement in 1916 permitted
Woodrow Wilson to grow the size of the military from 100,000 to 600,000. Even though
this allowed the US to quickly assemble and activate once war was declared, but
just this did not get America involved. 
America’s military was still a ways from being capable enough to attack
European power, which is why the draft was created- an additional million
soldiers were enlisted by 1917.    


The advertisement reflects two distinct physiognomies of the 1920s. The first
being the amount of new social freedom women had in their clothing and hairdos.
The flapper movement in 1920s defied social standards such as entertaining shorter
dresses and hair.

B. Another way the advertisement
reflects changes in American society was with the gramophone, which became
extremely popular in American households in the 1920’s.

C. The 1920s was a period that saw
the fundamentalist revolution- (a conservative religious rebirth in America). It
was not of relaxed social norms with what the women are wearing. The women are wearing
clothing that people would have deemed as inappropriate back in the 1920s. Also,
Most people wouldn’t have blamed the man if he were a focal individual in this
advertisement, a double standard very openly practiced during this time period.